Johanna Constantine (1760-1859) was an 18th Century aristocrat and adventurer, and an ancestor of John Constantine. Lady Johanna was created by Neil Gaiman as a tribute to Alan Moore, who created John Constantine.

She first appears in The Sandman during the The Doll's House arc. Her first appearance was issue # 13 - The Doll's House Part 4: Men of Good Fortune.

She was the daughter of Lord and Lady Constantine, orphaned at a young age when her parents were hanged for treason. Stripped of her title, she was forced to live in poverty. Her luck turned in 1785 when King George III asked her to retrieve Pandora's Box. If she succeeded, her title would be reinstated and she would gain an estate. With success, her noble title was reinstated, and she inherited Blackwood Manor, which she renamed "Fawny Rig."

Resuing orpheus

Rescuing Orpheus

In 1789, she crossed paths with Dream and Hob Gadling, believing them to be the Devil and the Wandering Jew, whom she had been told were the keys to achieving her dreams of power and wealth. Dream, however, thought to use her as his tool, and presented her with an offer, the details of which were never revealed. On June 28, 1794, he came to "Fawny Rig" to call in that marker: she was to rescue his son, Orpheus, from the piles of dead accumulated during the French Revolution. In this she was successful, and Dream arranged that when she passed away at the age of 99, a grave for her was established on the island of Naxos near Orpheus' temple, which was tended daily by Orpheus' priests.


Fawney Rig, which was what Johanna named her estate, was contemporary slang for a common fraud, as described in the Dictionary of Crime: A confidence man would drop a Lady’s purse containing a cheap ring and wait for someone to spot it. He would then pretend to notice at the same time and claim half the loot for sharing in the discovery. The confidence man or an accomplice would appraise the ring at three or four times its real value, and offer the dupe his half of the find for about double its actual value.The key-word is the cant, fawney, meaning a finger-ring, a word brought to England by the Irish, synonymous Irish fáinne.